Make cities and human settlements
inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Relevant initiatives include the establishment of a fast and convenient public transportation network and improvement of the quality and convenience of mass transit services which indirectly results in better air quality and reduction of environmental burdens. Diversified and intelligent transportation and information systems reduce public transport waiting times. In addition, free and accessible transit services and transportation subsidies are provided to underprivileged groups to give them access to convenient transportation services.
Disaster resilience and environmental sustainability are strengthened to enhance preparedness for natural disasters. This contains the formulation of district disaster management plans in consideration of disaster resilience and environmental sustainability to provide comprehensive planning and guidance for disaster prevention operations and to constantly promote and strengthen disaster risk governance. For the prevention and reduction of damage and losses caused by human-caused disasters, strong emphasis is placed on disaster prevention measures and evacuation drills.
City’s Current UN Sustainable Development Targets
By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systemsfor all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attentionto the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities andolder persons.
By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by payingspecial attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management.
By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affectedand substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domesticproduct caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protectingthe poor and people in vulnerable situations.
By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities
Establish A Convenient Public Transportation Network
The backbone of the city’s green transport network is Taipei Metro（comprehensive MRT routes）,supplemented by buses（Taipei Metro Bus, transfer discounts, electric buses, low-floor buses, improved bus stop conditions and the “friendly bus movement”）In addition, last mile service for biking and walking is provideds（better bike-friendly environment, YouBike program, bike lane, Neighborhood Traffic Improvement Plan and No Motorbikes on Arcades and Sidewalks Program）. The city’s public transportation system provides a high-quality and adequate public transport service. Various transport demand management measures have been implemented to reduce car/motorcycle usage.
Currently Taipei Metro has 117 stations, 131.1 km in operating network length and a daily average of 2.16 million passengers. 14 bus companies operate on a total of 290 bus routes with a daily average of 1.3 million passengers. In addition, to improve operation efficiency and safety, 15 bus-only lanes have been put in place to provide better and more convenient public transportation experience for the citizens.
The city’s “Neighborhood Traffic Improvement Plan” provides better and safer walking space for pedestrians by marking sidewalks in alleys and lanes. The plan’s mid-term measure is to establish a bicycle shuttle network, which will be used for transfer and shuttle across all Metro stations. The long-term measure is to mandate the expansion of sidewalks or open space during urban planning and urban design review and implement such mandate in urban planning measures to achieve sustainable development and develop a high-quality city environment.
Strategy to Promote Environment-friendly Green Transportation In
In order to build a low pollution and emission city, Taipei City has promoted replacing old diesel engine buses with electric buses. As of the end of June 2019, a total of 22 electric buses are in operation. To encourage bus operators to quickly replace their old diesel engine buses with electric buses, Taipei City Government not only assists them in applying for bus purchase subsidy from Ministry of Transportation and Communications（MOTC）, but also offers operators a mileage-based subsidy scheme（NT$ 5 per km per vehicle）.
In order to reduce air pollution and encourage the usage of clean energy, public parking lots now have electric vehicle charging stations and priority parking spaces are being planned. These measures aim to make an Taipei City more electric vehicle-friendly, improve air pollution condition and achieve green transportation. Currently, 91 public parking lots in the city have charging stations installed. The city has also required private companies contracted to operate public parking lots to install a certain number of charging stations to provide charging service free of charge following the contract termination.
The backbone of the city’s green transport network is Taipei Metro（comprehensive MRT routes）,supplemented by buses（Taipei Metro Bus, transfer discounts, electric buses, low-floor buses, improved bus stop conditions and the “friendly bus movement”）In addition, last mile service for biking and walking is provideds（better bike-friendly environment, YouBike program, bike lane, Neighborhood Traffic Improvement Plan and No Motorbikes on Arcades and Sidewalks Program）. The city’s public transportation system provides a high-quality and adequate public transport service . Various transport demand management measures have been implemented to reduce car/motorcycle usage.
Intelligent Management of Transportation Information
An intelligent transportation system can make transportation even more convenient for the general public. Taipei City has been actively promoting the development of Intelligent Transportation System （ITS）. With ITS, bus information was transformed from the never-changing schedule into the constantly updated real-time information. Such information is even transferred to the OPEN DATA platform where private companies can utilize such information with added value. This also means more ways for the public to obtain the estimated time of arrival for buses（smart signs, apps, webpage, PDA and audiotext）.
A survey shows that most people rely on smart signs for bus arrival information since they can provide such information to those without a cellphone, Internet access or access to the app. Anxiety level is reduced among commuters as these signs help them make informed choices on which public transportation to take. As of the end of June 2019, smart bus signs have been installed at more than 1,661 bus stops, accounting for 79% of all bus stops. It is estimated that 2,100 stops will have smart signs installed by the end of 2020.
Accessible Transportation Services
Wheelchair-accessible taxi provides ride service for the elderly, handicapped and disabled for the purpose of hospital visits school/work commute, or outing. As of the end of June 2019, wheelchair-accessible taxis have provided more than 490,000 trips to those in need. In the future, the city government will continue to expand the number of these taxis and encourage taxi drivers to provide accessible service. In addition, to fully realize social welfare policies and take care of the handicapped, paratransit bus was presented in 1989, providing accessible transport services to the handicapped. There are 328 paratransit buses in Taipei City, which have provided approximately 300,000 trips from January to June, 2019. People with disabilities can reserve a ride online or by calling the hotline audiotext and voicemail. Contracted service providers will arrange vehicles and drivers based on the customer needs to provide accessible transport services to people with disabilities.
Transportation Welfare System
Taipei City provides transportation subsidies to children from low-earning households attending school above elementary school. Applicants must apply for the subsidy for each semester. For junior high students, the subsidy is NT$500 each semester; for those attending high school students, the subsidy is NT$1000 each semester; vocational school in Taipei City, the subsidy is NT$1,500 per semester. A list of qualified applicants is compiled in each January and August and applications forms will be mailed to these applicants. Once they register for the semester, they can apply for the subsidy.
In order to encourage social participation among the elderly, transport fare subsidy was introduced in 1983, which was transformed into “Senior EasyCard” in 2003. A total of NT480 in credits are added to these cards each month automatically, which now can be used at Metro, Maokong gondola, certain public venues, YouBike and double-decker sightseeing bus instead of being restricted to bus and taxi rides. This measure aims to encourage the elderly to use the free credits in Senior EasyCard on public transport systems or visit various cultural/recreational venues to lead an active and healthy life with more social participation.
Fire prevention strategies include promotion of fire prevention at home, continuously improving the professional skills of fire prevention promoters, conducting visits more frequently to areas/ venues prone to fire and promoting and monitoring progress at high-risk areas and its surrounding areas. Various activities（for community members to participate）are conducted and booths（temporary or stationed）are set up for interactive promotion of fire prevention. In order to create effective disaster prevention promotion, works toward the goal of “prevention, reduction and response of disaster” are made, and “Disaster Preparedness Taipei manual” was compiled, which, with its simple and detailed information, helps raise disaster prevention awareness of all city residents. With the city’s budget and donation from civil groups, Taipei City has been promoting the installation of home fire alarm devices. As of July 2019, 383,794 households have installed fire alarm devices. Among them were 320 cases of successful escapes, thanks to the fire alarm devices that went off.
The city will continue to devote resources from departmental units of the city and use various prints and electronic media to promote the installation of home fire alarm devices to reduce fire casualty and protect citizens’ lives and property.
Clean air movement
In 2016, the “Clean Air Movement Whitepaper” was launched. Taipei City Government, based on this whitepaper, worked to reduce air pollution and implement many action plans via cross-departmental collaboration. In 2018, the city introduced “Clean Air Movement 2.0”, which includes 10 action plans to tackle air pollution from the three aspects: low pollution, green transport and regional collaboration. Encouraging the citizens to use low-polluting transport systems, reducing the usage of private vehicles and cross-county/city collaboration will give citizens cleaner, healthier air that they can enjoy breathing. The annual concentration of PM2.5 of Taipei City dropped to 14.6 μg/m in 2018, meeting the national average standard of 15 μg/m for the first time.
Source Reduction and Management of Waste
As more people commute to Taipei City for work and international events are increasingly being organized in the city, there are various policies and tools dedicated to source reduction in order to remain the same amount of solid waste. “The Per Bag Trash Collection Fee” Policy, an economic incentive to encourage citizens to reduce waste and recycle more. Another policy is restriction on single-use plastic, which controls the use of plastic bag to reduce the number of plastic bags, utensils and cups used. Furniture recycling and repair promotion aims to extend the life cycles of furniture, making the amount of solid waste not rising and decline year by year.
Urban Green Space
Parks and green spaces are referred to “a city’s lung”, as they protect the ecological system, provide beautiful landscape, prevent disasters and provide a venue for leisure purposes. In addition to improving environmental quality, parks and green spaces are also the best outdoor leisure spaces. Therefore, parks and green spaces have become a crucial indicator for a city's development and environmental quality.
In response to the citizens’ needs for higher environmental quality recreational purposes, it is crucial to continue to expand and maintain the parks, green spaces, squares, children’s playgrounds, riverside parks, protected areas and scenic areas in the urban plan. Between 2015 and 2018, the city had increased approximately a total of 385,062 m of green spaces in Jingqin No.1 Park, Zhoumei Xian Zai Gang Park, North Gate Square, Taipei Travel Plaza, Chien-Cheng Circle and other locations. In order to increase the average green spaces per capita year by year, the target value will increase by 3 hectares of green space per year.
Low-income Assistance Program
There has not been much change in the poverty rate of Taipei City in the last five years, which is related to the slowly changing poverty threshold. Taipei City strives for an annual drop of 0.01% in its poverty rate while keeping it at the level of 1.70%. The city adjusts the minimum cost of living and amount of subsidy based on Public Assistance Act each year.
According to the Public Assistance Act, households falling below the poverty threshold can apply for various low-income household living assistances and counseling. As of July 2019, 20,821 household and 44,537 people（accounting for 1.67% of the entire city）were registered as low-income households.
Low-income household assistance includes family/children living subsidy, travel expense subsidy for children attending junior high or above, living subsidy for students above 18, childbirth subsidy, prenatal nutrition subsidy, holiday benefits, living subsidy for the handicapped and living subsidy for the elderly from mid and low-income households. In addition to financial assistance for low-income households, the city combines education, health and housing resources to meet the needs of the poor in schooling, medicine, employment and home care to maintain the fundamental life functions and dignity for the underprivileged. The city, to further assistance to the underprivileged, conducts counseling for the poor, provides measures to help them get out of poverty as well as provides employment transition counseling.
Implement Strategies to Reduce Disaster Risks based on Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030
Concrete Disaster Risk
“Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015- 2030” proposed seven global targets. Taipei City Government, from the perspective of a local government, produced two major targets based on the framework’s seven global targets, which are “disaster mortality reduction” and “disaster vulnerability reduction（reduce the number of people impacted by disasters）”.
Being located in the Ring of Fire of the Pacific Ocean, Taiwan faces high disaster risks. On top of the threats from natural disasters such as typhoons, heavy rain and earthquakes, there are also threats from major traffic accidents, fires, plagues and other compound disasters. In light of this, disaster prevention and response requires much and immediate at tension as the city works toward sustainability. Disaster risk management policies and their implementation should be based on a comprehensive understanding of disaster risks, including vulnerability, capability, human/asset risks, disaster nature and the surrounding environment. Relevant knowledge can contribute to better estimates of disaster risks, disaster prevention and reduction, the development and implementation of suitable disaster preparedness and effective response.
Managing Disaster Risk with Disaster
Various disaster prevention and response units continue
to develop disaster prevention/response technologies
to improve the speed and accuracy in disaster evaluation,
monitoring and early warning. These technologies also help
develop, update and publish location-based disaster risk information
to serve as reference for decision-makers, general
public and communities with high disaster risk. Taipei City
Government implements the most effective way by providing
age and demographic-specific disaster prevention
education to help all understand the disaster risks at their environment, allowing them to take adaptive measures.
Invest in Disaster Reduction to Improve Disaster Resilience
Encourage both the public and private sector to improve the disaster resilience of the infrastructure and working areas through structural and non-structural measures.
Promote disaster risk evaluation as a key component in the formulation and implementation
of land policies. Promote disaster risk transfer insurance to enhance the disaster resilience of the society, community and personal property.
Enhancing Disaster Preparedness to Improve Disaster Response
and Achieve the Goal of “Build Back Better” During Reconstruction
With various disaster potential simulations and risk analysis, Taipei City, after taking into account the impact of climate change and previous disaster experiences, adopts a policy with periodic adjustment
and formulates SOP and checklists for different operations. The city reviews and improves its disaster prevention/response policies at all times to ensure solid execution of disaster prevention, preparedness
and response. Taipei City has, based on the spirit of all-disaster prevention, established a universal response system, which considers the universal needs from all disasters from the “result management” perspective and has one agency that is responsible for all disaster responses to design a universal response
procedure with coordinated efforts from and for all departments. It is crucial to take necessary measures to help the impacted community rebuild after a disaster
strikes. Therefore an integrated coordination platform has been established to help the private sector to participate in post-disaster reconstruction. Key infrastructure and public buildings that have been
affected will be reinforced to achieve the goal of “Build Back Better”, which makes the city and community more disaster resilient.
Periodic Evaluation of Implemented Matters and Public Progress Report
Chapter Four of Taipei City’s Regional Plan of Disaster Prevention and Response includes a
disaster prevention and response evaluation mechanism as well as the annual disaster prevention budget chart. All agencies can, based on such information, formulate their specific short, mid and long-term implementation plans and operation guidelines, which will be included in
the city government’s comprehensive disaster prevention and response evaluation for reviews.