Ensure Sustainable Consumption and
Cities are centers of human and economic activity and account for 60~80% of global energy consumption, 70% of global waste generation, and the major contributor of GHG emissions. Obviously, energy and resource circulation have become the key factors for sustainable development, making advancing circular economy crucial for the planning of long-term urban development. Prioritizing economic growth, the city government has therefore taken the initiative in integrating cross-departmental capabilities of the public sector in an effort to foster long-term urban development and create a livable environment for its residents. A Circular City Promotion Program has been adopted to realize circular economy concepts and to implement pragmatic and feasible measures.
The formulation of enforcement guidelines governing the banning of single-use and melamine tableware and implementation of plastic reduction policies is coupled with educational efforts to increase the willingness of citizens to bring their own shopping bags and tableware. The follow-up introduction of dual-use bags combine shopping bags and city designated garbage bags（a two-in-one strategy）into one and thus helps reduce the amount of plastic bags. The delivery of goods bank services, on the other hand, realizes sustainable consumption. Finally, leftover exchange platforms are promoted in public markets to encourage the donation of overproduced food to underprivileged families on the same day and thereby maximize the benefits of such food surplus.
City’s Current UN Sustainable Development Targets
By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed International frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order tominimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment.
By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction,recycling and reuse.
Promoting Plastic Reduction and the Dual-use Shopping Bags
In light of this policy, Taipei City rolled out the policy to encourage these venues to use the dual-use shopping bags Hypermarkets, supermarkets and convenience stores can only sell these bags that can be used as both shopping bags and trash bags. For each one of these bags sold, one bag less will be used. Promotional materials（“Help reduce plastic bag usage by brining your own bags, borrowing bags or buying the dual use bags”）have been posted at these stores to encourage the citizens.
Ban on Single-use Tableware
In response to the over use of melamine tableware, its hazardous effect on the environment and its possible health risks, guidelines of the ban on single-use and melamine tableware were formulated and provided to all organizations and schools, as an effort to promote waste reduction, energy efficiency & conservation, and carbon reduction, and environmental protection and safeguard the health of school faculty members, students and guests. Taipei City Government hopes that, by leading by example and promoting corporate social responsibility, the general public will also follow suit.
Promoting Used Book Exchange Platforms
To reduce waste from the source, promote recycling, prolong books’ life cycles and help the underprivileged, the first “Yenhuei（Extension of wisdom）” book bank for used books was established in Neihu in 2013. A cloud platform was established where people can apply online for book pickups and donations, helping them conserve time, maximize the value of old books and reduce waste paper. Since these free books can help underprivileged children obtain new knowledge, the government continues to encourage businesses, schools, NPOs and citizens to donate books to help the book bank deliver to more areas.
“Free Meal Station” Plan is implemented starting 2009. With private donations, the social welfare center works with partners（lunchbox restaurants, noodle stands and eateries, etc.） where food vouchers（prepared by social workers and distributed to underprivileged families in need）can be redeemed. Social workers will collect the redeemed vouchers periodically for accounting purposes and pay these partners using the aforementioned donations.
Free Meal Plan
It has been discovered that most underprivileged families allocate most of their income for rent, utilities and education and leave little for food.
Goods Bank was established in 2011 with a total of 23 collection points. It collects donations from various sectors, including goods and money from private organizations, businesses and individuals.
Food（including noodles, instant cereal, nutrition supplements and milk powder）and daily necessities
（including diapers and toiletry）account for the majority of donations. Social workers will evaluate these donated items to deliver them to underprivileged families in need.
Goods Bank Project
For environmental protection and waste reduction, Taipei City Government partnered with the Market Administration Office and launched the “Overproduced Food Exchange Platform".（2017） Market stands are encouraged to donate such food surplus of the day to the platform. Matched social welfare units for the elderly, people with disabilities and young children can pickup these food/ingredients at the market at a specific time, cook them and serve it to their clients. Social workers can, after evaluation, give these food/ingredients to family in need so that they can cook at home themselves. Currently six public markets have partnered to promote the platform. In 2019, the platform started working with Taipei Agricultural Products Marketing Co., Ltd and receiving the company’s donations of inglorious fruit and vegetables.